TLS stands for Transport Layer Security, being a protocol which helps encryption of sensitive content over a network. Initially known as Secure Sockets Layer, or SSL, its goal is to protect clients and servers from eventual attackes and to guarantee transmission authenticity.
Why should I install TLS?
The process seems to be quite complicated, but it’s actually done in less than a second, in a regular computer it usually lasts 500ms or less.
There are actually a great number of incentives to install TLS:
- Secure page, data integrity
- Page visibly protected (a padlock can bee seen)
- SEO Boost at Google > Improvement of your page rank, so more visitorys
- TLS is free, thanks to Let’s Encrypt, Buypass, Encryption Everywhere by Digicert or cPanel
- TLS support by all web browsers
- Protect several sites in the same time
Some problems can hinder the progress of TLS:
- The time required to install TLS (which can be remediated by automation tools like Certbot)
- Time required to validate SSL/TLS certificates that show the owner
- Only a protection of data transmissions
- Price can be a factor for SSL/TLS certificates that last more than 90 days
- Environments that do not support Server Name Indication
How can I improve TLS?
Some other concepts can improve TLS although not directly related to the protocol
- HSTS (HTTP Strict Transport Security), forcing HTTPS through a header, which can also be preloaded
- HPKP (HTTP Public Key Pinninng), forcing a particular SSL/TLS certificate for the HTTPS connection
- CAA (Certification Authority Authorization), restrict certain CAs to issue any certificate for your domain